Annotating a literary text (or any text, for that matter) is a valuable skill for students to learn. Annotating can be defined as the process of taking notes directly on the literary text that you are reading. This is a skill that we in the SJP English Department want you to develop as you read your required novel this summer. 为了让这一切发生, you first need to know why annotating a text is useful and then how to annotate a text.
Taking notes inside a text while reading is particularly useful because it forces your brain to transact with the text while reading. 真的, 无论何时你阅读，你的大脑都会一直这样做, but annotating provides you with the opportunity to become cognitive of your brain’s work because you are writing down thoughts as they occur to you. 也, 它可以让你跟踪重要的情节事件, 字符, 冲突, 文学技巧, 和主题，这样你可以更容易地回到他们在以后的时间. 事实上, 研究表明，经过六周的时间流逝, students with an annotated text can recall all of the key information in that text after a 15- to 30-minute review session. 最后，正如那句老话所说，把它写下来就是学习两次. The physical act of transcribing your thoughts while reading cements the information into your memory; once this is done, 稍后您可以访问它.
注释是一种技能，像大多数技能一样，它需要实践来培养. Because most of you are probably novices when it comes to taking notes inside the text, 这里有一些一般的指导方针. 一次 you get comfortable with this skill, you may decide to craft your own parameters for annotation. 这里的目标是在开始时为您提供一个框架. Only you know how you learn best, though, so feel free to adjust or add to this list as needed.
1. Mark key lines: Any time you read a passage that is significant to the plot or character
development, underline it and write brief notes to yourself in the margin describing the
2. Ask questions: If a passage or scene is confusing, or if you want to know more about
what is occurring, bracket the passage or scene and jot your question in the margin. 然后你可以把这个问题带到课堂讨论中来澄清.
3. React to what you read: If something in the text strikes you, surprises you, troubles you,
4. Track themes: As you read, you will begin to discern the text’s threads or themes. 一次
5. 每章末尾的注释:如果书被分成几章, you should take a few minutes at the end of each one to list its 4-5 most important plot events. 就在书里，就在这一章的结尾. 这种方式, when you remember a key plot event but do not remember where in the text it occurs, 或者你记不起哪个事件发生在哪个事件之前, you have a resource for easy reference instead of having to thumb through the entire book, 挖掘一小块土地.
一开始, 您可能会发现这个过程有点费力, 但是通过一些练习, 这将成为你的第二天性. 最终, 如果你坚持下去，并在阅读时集中精力做一个积极的笔记记录者, you will find that you comprehend texts more fully and are better prepared to discuss and write about what you have read.